Discover more from Lawless French à fond
When one pronoun just isn't enough
Think you don't know what pronominal verbs are? 🤔 If you can introduce yourself and talk about your morning ablutions in French, you definitely do. The grammatical term pronominal means "relating to a pronoun" - in this case, it refers to the reflexive pronoun required for verbs like s'appeler and se laver.
Many French students are first introduced to reflexive verbs and then continue using this term for all verbs that need a reflexive pronoun, but in fact
there are 4️ different kinds of French pronominal verbs, depending on the meaning / purpose of the pronoun.
Today’s issue of Lawless French à fond takes an in-depth look at understanding, conjugating, and using pronominal verbs.
Table of Contents
You know that conjugated verbs (almost*) always need a subject pronoun, but pronominal verbs need a reflexive pronoun as well. Start with this introductory lesson to master the basics of pronominal verbs.
Once you understand the key concepts, dive into the four different types of pronominal verbs.
1) Reflexive verbs 🤳
The subject acts on itself.
Je me lève. - I'm getting up.
2) Reciprocal verbs 👥
The subjects act on each other.
Nous nous voyons. - We see each other.
The meaning of the verb changes.
Ils s'entendent bien. - They get along well.
The verb can only be used pronominally.
Tu te souviens ? - Do you remember?
Advanced topics 😣
Je m'habillais, je me suis habillé ...
I was getting dressed, I got dressed ...
Elle s'est réveillée, nous nous sommes réveillés ...
She woke up, we woke up...
Le français se parle ici.
French is spoken here.
* Exception: imperatives
Practice your comprehension of pronominal verbs in context with these audio articles.
These are 5 of the 6 CEFR proficiency levels.
Test yourself on pronominal verbs in various tenses.
Want more? 💪 Take a look at this collection of lessons - you can test against it over and over, or save it as a notebook.
Practice your French translation skills with these writing exercises.
Juste pour rigoler
Comic courtesy of Malachi Ray Rempen, ItchyFeetComic.com
Thanks for reading Lawless French à fond - see you in two weeks!
Want to support my work? Buy me a coffee:
📧 Partagez !
If you enjoyed this issue, please